مکان‌یابی پَرسواَ، پَرسواَش، پَرسَمَش و پَرسومَش: یک تجدید نظر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تاریخ دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری تاریخ ایران پیش از اسلام دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

از قرن 19‌م. تا به امروز بحث‌های زیادی درخصوص مکان‌یابی نام­جای‌های پَرسواَ، پَرسواَش، پَرسَمش و پرسومَش در منابع آشوری، اورارتویی و بابلی انجام‌ شده است. پژوهشگران، نواحی مختلفی ازجمله جنوب دریاچه‌ی ارومیه، زاگرس مرکزی و پارس را پیشنهاد کرده‌اند. اغلب این‌گونه تصور می‌شود که این اسامی از قرن 9 پ.م تا دوره‌ی سارگن دوم را می‌توان در زاگرس مرکزی مکان‌یابی نمود؛ اما با روی‌کار‌آمدن سنخریب تغییری در مکان‌یابی این نام­جای‌ها رخ می‌دهد و بررسی منابع نشان می‌دهد که این نام­جای‌ها دیگر اشاره به زاگرس مرکزی نداشته و می‌بایست آن‌ها را در پارس مکان‌یابی کرد. هرچند مکان‌یابی پَرسواَ و پَرسواَش در زاگرس مرکزی منطقی می‌نماید، به نظر می‌رسد که بررسی منابع آشوری به­ویژه دوره‌ی سارگن دوم و آشوربانی‌پال و مقایسه‌ی آن‌ها با سایر منابع بسیاری از این نظریات را با تردید جدی مواجه می‌کند.

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